回望过去 2014年雅思写作考试考情分析总结 - 启程雅思

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今年全年的雅思考试已经全部结束;随着圣诞假期的来临 ,雅思考试也进入休假期  。按照惯例 ,中国大陆每月4场  ,一年总共48场考试  。现分别就TASK1和TASK2总结分析如下  。

TASK1:按图表类型划分  ,比例如下:

除去地图题和流程图  ,其它常规的题目一共考了35次  ,而地图题和流程图一共考了13次 ,占到1/4强  ,比往年高;甚至出现7月份考两次流程图的情况  。另外  ,组合图出现4次  ,比如柱状图+表格  。

TASK 2:按题目类型划分  ,比例如下:

从比例上看 ,今年对比型题目比往年偏少(占1/3)  ,单一型偏多(占1/2)  ,其它两种题型数量总体持平  。

这4种类型题目的典型例题如下:

单一型:

2014.12.20

Some people think painting and drawing are asimportant as other subjects, and they should be compulsory in high school education.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

对比型:

2014.12.6

Some people think that vertical city is the best, where people live and work in tall buildings. Othersthink that “horizontal” city is better, where there are few tall buildings.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

报告型:

2014.5.24

Many young people leave school with a negative attitude.

What are the reasons? How can we encourage young people to study?

混合型:

2014.6.21

An increasing number of people are changing their careers.

What are the reasons? Do you think it is positive or negative?

启程教育对2015年考生的几个建议:

A.苦练基本功  ,保证语言准确性  。从目前情况看  ,雅思写作分数还是一如既往的低  ,从平均分看  ,应该还是4门课中最低的  。很多人说考官压分  ,其实不然  ,主要还是语言错误多  。

启程教育建议一定要把语言错误控制在5个以内  ,否则6分的成绩很难上去  。在平时练习和考场上  ,时刻小心以下容易出现的错误:主谓不一致(s的问题)  ,滥用逗号(run-on)  ,从句丢which  ,时态混乱(小作文) 。

B.认真审题  ,理清思路  。在平时练习和考场上 ,不要匆匆下笔  ,仔细看清问题到底是哪种类型  ,到底是单一型还是对比型 ,报告型题目到底是“原因+对策”还是“后果+对策” 。在行文之前  ,在草稿纸上或者脑中列一个提纲  。现在各种预测很多  ,考场作文可能和预测题有个别表述上的差异  ,但是这个差异使得题目的重点发生改变  。

C.勿用模板 。现在很多学生在上考场前  ,一般准备一两个模板  ,在考场上不管什么题目 ,都强行套用模板  。殊不知  ,考官相当反感  ,因为模板即使语言优美  ,但是内容空洞无物 。而且 ,优美的模板和考生自己的语言表达形成落差  ,更暴露考生自身的弱点 。

D.小作文重视流程图和地图 。从目前情况看 ,流程图和地图已经是常态了;从概率上讲  ,每个月必考一次  。

附:2014年全年中国大陆雅思写作真题

2014.1.9

The best way for government to solve the traffic congestion is to provide free public transport 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

小作文:表格

2014.1.11

Nowadays many young people in work force change their jobs or careers every few years. What do you think are the reasons for this? Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

小作文:流程图

2014.1.18

Many children find it is difficult to concentrate or pay attention at school.

What are the causes? What are the possible solutions to this problem?

小作文:曲线图+柱状图

2014.1.25

The international community should act immediatelyto reduce the use of fossil fuels.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

小作文:饼状图

2014.2.1

Some people believe that the best way to produce a happier society is to ensure that there are only small differences between the richest and the poorest members.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

小作文:曲线图

2014.2.13

Many people think the painting and music do not directly improve the quality of people; therefore the government should not spend the money in the arts, and it should spend more money on construction of public facilities.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

小作文:表格

2014.2.15

Some people think success of life is based on hardwork and determination but others think there are more important factors like money and appearance.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

小作文:曲线图

2014.2.22

Children’s education is expensive. In some countries, the government pays some of or all of the costs.

Do the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?

小作文:表格

2014.3.1

Some people think living in big cities is bad for people's health.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

小作文:地图题

2014.3.8

Some people think young people should be required to have full time education until they are at least 18 years old.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

小作文:流程图

2014.3.13

Some think that printed books are not necessary in digital era, because all writing can be stored electronically.Others think printed books will play an important role.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

小作文:柱状图

2014.3.15

Some people think it is important for all cities and towns to have big outdoor space, such as parks and squares, for public use.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

小作文:柱状图

2014.4.5

An increasing number of people change their career and place of residence several times during their lives.

Is this apositive or negative development?

小作文:曲线图

2014.4.12

Some say the purpose of education is to prepare individuals to be useful to society. Others say the purpose ofeducation is to achieve personal ambitions.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

小作文:曲线图

2014.4.24

Nowadays many television advertisements are aiming at children.

What are the effects of this situation on children? Should television advertisements be controlled?

小作文:柱状图

2014.4.26

Computer technologies are more accessible and cheaper; as a result, more adults work at home and children study at home.

Is this a positive or negative development?

小作文:柱状图

2014.5.10

Nowadays women have full-time work the same as men, so logically men should share household equally with women.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

小作文:流程图

2014.5.15

Employers should give their staff at least four week holidays a year to make employees better at their jobs.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

小作文:柱状图

2014.5.17

Children can learn from TV effectively. So children should be encouraged to watch TV regularly both at home and at school.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

小作文:地图题

2014.5.24

Many young people leave school with a negative attitude.

What are the reasons? How can we encourage young people to study?

小作文:表格

2014.6.7

Some people think that if a police force carries a gun, it can lead to higher level of crime in that society.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

小作文:柱状图

2014.6.19

Some people think adults should learn practical skills by themselves, while others believe that learning from a teacher in a classroom is better.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

小作文:曲线图

2014.6.21

An increasing number of people are changing their careers.

What are the reasons? Do you think it is positive or negative?

小作文:地图题

2014.6.28

With the increasing demand for energy sources of oil and gas, people should look for sources of oil and gas in remote and untouched natural places.

Do the advantages outweigh disadvantages of damaging such areas?

小作文:柱状图+表格

2014.7.10

Some countries achieve international success, building specialized sports facilities for top athletes to train instead of providing sports facilities that everyone can use.

Do you think it is positive or negative development?

小作文:流程图

2014.7.12

Some people think younger people are not suitable for important positions in government. Others think it will be a good idea for younger people to take on these positions.

Discuss both views and give yourown opinion.

小作文:曲线图+表格

2014.7.19

Some people think that governments should do more to make their citizens eat a healthy diet. Others, however, believe that individuals must take responsibility for their own diet and health.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

小作文:流程图

2014.7.26

Some people think that environmental problems are too big for individuals to solve. Others, however, believe that the problems cannot be solved if individuals do not take actions.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

小作文:表格

2014.8.2

In many parts of the world children and teenagersare committing more crimes.

Why is this case happening? How should children or teenagers be punished?

小作文:柱状图

2014.8.9

Some people think government should ban dangerous sports, while others think it is people’s freedom to do whatever sports activities they choose.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

小作文:表格

2014.8.16

In some countries, governments encourage industries and businesses to move from large cities to regional areas.

Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?